– Dr.Farokh J.Master.
The spider from which this remedy is prepared is a species of wolf spider LYCOSA TARENTULA. It is found mainly in Italy & Spain. Lycosa is a viscous looking creature with two large fangs and long legs which enable it to scurry rapidly in pursuit of its prey.
The bite of the Tarentula is very painful and it produces a state called `Tarantulism or `Tarantism’ the symptoms are either accompanied with or followed by an irresistible urge to dance with frenetic agitation.
The modern allopaths feel that `Tarantism’ is not actually due to the poisonous effects of the venom but due to hysterical terror after being beaten. Thus, whether a psychogenic factor is responsible based on fear and loathing, for the seizures of Tarantism, is still a controversy.
Various types of Tarantism were identified, the sporadic and the epidemic (particularly prevalent in the spring), the acute and the chronic (with relapses at the return of warm weather).
Tarantism, which was impossible to control could be suppressed and cured by music with a fast and strong rhythmic beat. The victims on hearing the music became excited and danced faster & faster till they fell down tired and sweating and got rid of the poison. This would last for 3 days.
Venom of this spider has affinity for the motor and sensory functions of the nervous system resulting in severe restlessness and uncontrolled agitation.
In the sensory sphere, there is excessive sensitivity and excitability of all senses light and glaring colours irritate and aggravate. Also noise frightens and aggravates.
Affinity with the lymphatic and circulatory systems gives rise to cellulitis, lymph node enlargement and vascular congestion, associated with facial pallor.
It was conducted and described by Marquis Nunez of Spain.
Doctrine of Signature
1. Tarentula Hispania digs a vertical hole in the ground and covers it with a web so that it resembles the surrounding. Thus, it lures its unsuspecting prey. Such is the intelligence of this spider.
Tarentula patients are also extremely intelligent to the extent of being foxy and cunning.
2. The Tarentula waits for its prey quietly and when the prey falls into its trap, it pounces on its prey with sudden and violent attacks and quickly goes back into the hole.
This violence is seen in the Tarentula patient as violent movements like twitchings, jerkings and epilepsy. There is also tremendous amount of violence in the mental sphere which will be depicted in the next point.
3. The spiders are also well known for their Amatory dance. During the mating season, the male spider dances around the female spider. The female selects one and kills and eats away the others.
This is seen in the Tarentula patient as violence and destructiveness. These pts., are acute, quick acting (Hep, Stram, Tarent) can be very angry if contradicted. Their attacks can be quite aggressive. Though physically not very violent like Stram they are verbally very aggressive Rubric threatening. Later on, they progress to tearing of clothes (Destructiveness of clothes), banging of head and other destructive states. Destructiveness when he is being observed. Aversion to colours red, black and green.
4. The spiders also use their web to communicate with each other. A long string connects the legs of two spiders but it is very surprising as to why the spider does not get caught in its own web, since the strings are sticky. The reason for this is that, the spider creates two different types of strings the spider always moves those set of strings which are not sticky. Thus, one can see the cunning nature of a spider.
The Tarentula pts. are very cunning. They know how to get what they want. They are great manipulators. Prone to lying and deception. Kleptomania, Feigning sickness. Tarentula pts. will often magnify their symptoms for secondary gain.
The pt. exhibits `hysteria’ or it is just a sensitivity as in dislike of contradiction. Imagine that they have been insulted. Ailments from disappointed love or grief. These pts. also exhibit hysteria on a sexual level. Lascivious hysteria, Nymphomania can progress to shameful behaviour exposes the person. They have increased desire for sex although it aggravates.
5. The hurried nature of the Tarentula patient is also attributed to the hurried activity in the nest of Tarentulas.
Tarentula pts. feel compelled to move constantly and the lower extremities are the most restless.
Restlessness bed, tossing about in. In the morning when he wakes up, the bed is in complete disarray. The restlessness is often coupled with anxiety. On the physical level, anxiety is found in the stomach, chest or region of the heart.
The pts. have a feeling that something bad is going to happen or they are afraid things will not get done inspite of their hyperactivity.
Tarentulas are hurried they are annoyed if people in front of them walk slowly hurry everybody must. They walk very fast or will often run out of their restless compulsion.
The industriousness also stems up from their need to diffuse all the energy in their bodies. They are very effective and highly productive in their work.
The hurried nature of the pt. can also be attributed to the poison which hyperaccelerates the nervous system.
6. Tarentulas would annually migrate through a town named Tarantum (the spider got its name from this town). Thus pts. bitten by the spider have a return of symptoms every year at the same time (with decreasing violence). Thus, there is marked periodicity of symptoms.
Especially suited to mobile, restless people who cannot stay in one place and move constantly. The Tarentula type can be described as a woman with a changing, contradictory personality. She jumps from a state of happiness to melancholic sadness from calm and gentle behaviour to extreme violence.
In Southern Italy, large numbers of the `Wolf Spider’ would annually migrate through a town named tarantum and so the spider became named the `Tarentula’. This spider was common to Mediterranean countries with a dry and sunny climate (Spain, Greece, Southern France, etc.).
The bite of this spider produced a convulsive condition, with an irresistible urge to dance known as tarantism. In many parts of Europe, there were may epidemics of convulsive dancing, in the 14th century. These epidemics spread rapidly and the outbreak became so serious that the church was obliged to resort to public exorcisms to drive out the devil. This dance in the latter part of the 17th century was still called the Lascivia chorea in German speaking countries. This dance in Italy was known since the 10th century and esp. in the South was attributed to the sting of Tarentula.
Towards the end of the 15th century, if was though that this dance was capable of actually curing a victim of the effects of the hypothetical poison of the Tarentula. The dance was stimulated by certain types of music and both the dance and the music of the Taranto region came to be known as `Tarentula’. This was at first a cure for Tarantism and later developed into a dance of the upper class. The participants were both men and women men in their powdered wigs and cod pieces, the women in masochistic corsets and caked rouge. Their dance was accompanied by fast music with a strong beat and a frenzied motion similar to Tarantism symptoms.
EVOLUTION OF TARENTULA MIND FROM THE PROVINGS
1. The nervous system in Tarentula is would up tight like a coiled spring, tense with boundless energy which must be expended to prevent it from breaking. Thus, the Tarentula Patient is compelled to be busy, to act, to move without stopping. These are people in occupations requiring great responsibility and who are under tremendous pressure like journalist. They are industrious, capable, efficient but not due to ambition and competitiveness but due to sheer compulsion to keep busy.
Because of the wound-up state of the nervous system, the tarentula Patient is relieved by soothing and calming influence of music. But the wrong kind of music further aggravates them.
2. All the other aspects of the mental state stem up from ill effects of unrequired love the patients likes a girl very much but he has not spoken to her about his love. Thus, he will go out of his way to attract the girls attention he wants to be noticed. He dances, wears colourful clothes to attract attention. He is cunning and mischievious.
3. In the second stage of illness, the patient loses control and becomes destructive. In such a state of tension, if the restless patient is restrained in some way, he becomes violent. At first, the destructiveness occurs only when the patient is alone, it is done secretly, hidden from others cunningness of Tarentula. Later on, the destructiveness becomes more uncontrolled and publicly evident.
The third stage of pathology is characterised by insanity. On one hand there is severe violence with desire to strike and kill and on the other hand, there is an erotic mania in which the person makes over sexual advances to other people and even to strangers.
The Tarentula activity is always very fast. Everything must be done quickly. He is very impatient, if other around him are slow. While walking too, the Tarentula Patient is always in a great hurry. This stems up not due a sense of anticipation but of a compulsion for rapid motion.
The Tarentula Patient is very anxious anxiety that things will not get done, some thing will go wrong. The fear is usually irrational but it stems up from the wound-up state of the nervous system.
The Patients have a tendency to dance, to jump and to run and all these movements are rapid and vigorous movements. Tarentula patients are greatly aggravated from bright colours red, yellow, green, black. There is marked hysteria in this remedy. This usually occurs when the external influences become too strong and the system collapses. There may be spasms, fainting attacks, convulsive states.
(From the Repertory)
To study the mind of Tarentula, one learns quite a lot by observing the patient in the clinic. As soon as he enters the clinic he just roams around the corridor.
They are usually dressed in bright colours to attract the attention.
COLOURS charmed by blue, green, red.
Whenever a question is asked to them by the physician either they do not follow or ….
ANSWERS, questioned, does not answer, when
ANSWER, aversion to
ANSWER, refuses to
UNDERSTAND questions addressed to her does not …. if at all they answer very abruptly, curtly and shortly. ANSWER, abrupt.
During the interview they are quite in attentive….
CONCENTRATION, difficult, conversation during.
or when they are sitting in front of the physician, they make various gestures.
GESTURES, grasping, fingers in the mouth, children put
GESTURES, grasping, hands restlessly busy.
GESTURES, plays with his fingers.
GESTURES, wringing the hands
PULL, one’s hair desire to
SCRATCHES with hands.
It the patient is a child, he is extremely restless, will touch various things kept on the physician’s table. They usually detest being examined.
ANGER, when touched.
FEAR, of touch
LOOKED AT, cannot bear to be
PRESENCE OF STRANGERS, aggravates.
If the parents scold them, they are completely indifferent or they retaliate and may become violent, tear their clothes, pull their hair or they have a habit of hiding and their parents have to search for them.
STRIKING, anger from
HIDE, desire to
Surprisingly, they may behave so nicely and leave such a good impression on the physician, that many a times the physician feels that the parents are giving an exactly opposite description.
Sometimes when they are out of control, the parents have to hit them. This increases their violence tremendously RAGE, pulls hair of bystanders.
STRIKING, head his
STRIKING, strikes her head with her hands, her body and others. TEARS, hair, her things.
The same child when he grows into an adult, they are extremely restless, always in a hurry. They must be in constant motion, even though motion aggravates. They have boundless energy which compels them to be busy.
In an office, they always want their colleagues to hurry as they always feel that people do their work slowly. The same thing is manifested at the physical level e.g., hands are in constant motion, constant motion of the leg, Indicrous motion of arms and trunk.
GESTURES, grasping or reaching at something, at flocks; carphologia.
GESTURES, involuntary (motion hands) knitting, as if
GESTURES, ridiculous or foolish.
IMPULSE run to, dromomania.
INDUSTRIOUS, mania for work.
MUSIC, ameliorates, restlessness of extremities.
RESTLESSNESS, 5 h.
RESTLESSNESS, anxious, compelling rapid walking.
RESTLESSNESS, bed, go from one bed to another, wants to
RESTLESSNESS, bed, tossing about in
RESTLESSNESS, menses during
RESTLESSNESS, driving about.
RESTLESSNESS, music from
HURRY, everybody must hurry,
HURRY, movements in
HURRY, walking while
There patients are guided by whims. They are extremely sly and cunning having fear to face real opposition. Dr. Margaret Tyler in her drug pictures mentions about sudden violence what she calls as “unexpected behaviour.” This cunning behaviour is characterised by destructive movements.
FEIGNING, paroxysms, faintness
DESTRUCTIVENESS, clothes of
MANIA, destruction, followed by laughter and apologies, of paroxysmal.
SHRIEKING, screaming, shouting.
TEARS hair, and presses her head.
THREATENING, destroy, threatens to.
THREATENING, kill, threatens to
THROWS, things away.
VIOLENT, deeds of violence, rage leading to.
They have extreme disposition to laugh, play, joke and to do absurd things.
CHEERFUL, gay, mirthful
EXCITEMENT, music from
EXCITEMENT, dancing, stinging and weeping with
INSANITY, laughing with
JESTING, walking on
LAUGHING, company in
LAUGHING, desire to laugh
LAUGHING, screams, then
LAUGHING, stupid expression, with
MANIA, singing with
MOOD, changeable, variable
SHRIEKING, laughter, after
SINGING, dancing and weeping
SINGING, hoarse until very, exhausted and
VIVACIOUS, alternating sorrow with.
1. Extreme restlessness The patient must be in constant motion, though motion aggravates. Desire to jump. Boundless energy. Compelled to be busy, to act.
Hyperactivity, rapid movement. Hands and legs in constant motion. Tries to work his overexcitability but lacks control.
2. Sensitive to music Better by music, rhythm, (massaging, riding on horseback, smoking) and dancing. Even physically affected by colour.
3. Chilly yet desire for, and better in open air.
4. Twitchings The nerves are highly strung. Jerking. Starting from sleep. Restless hands, legs.
5. Sexual Erethism Sensitive genitals.
6. Aversion Meat, bread, chocolate.
7. Desire Spicy food, sand, cold drinks, highly seasoned food, salty things, lime, raw food, sand and ash. (They scrape the burnt food from bottom of vessel).
8. Hysterical disposition Feign sickness, worse when observed, better when alone. Sudden changes in mood. Fainting, twitching, choking. Selfish, hateful, foxy, cunning, strange fancies with regard to colours. Violence. Throws things, pulls hair, destructive. Aversion to red, green black and all striking colours. Desire to lie down in the dark and not to be talked to. Angered from contradiction.
9. Periodicity of complaints Some complaints occur at the, same hour or at the same period annually.
10. Right sided affections Involvement of the left arm and right leg. (Opposite to Agaricus).
11. Hyperaesthesia Of skin, genitals, eyes (Photophobia), finger tips (needle like sensation).
Head Headache as if “a thousand needles were pricking the brain.”
Sensation “as if cold water was being poured on the head and over the body.”
Constantly rolls his head, back and forth on the pillow (Bell, Hell).
() rubbing the head against the pillow.
< any strong emotion (grief, excitement). < cold, damp weather, exposure to cold air. < when walking; yet cannot keep still. < from noise. < light touch. < by wetting hands in cold water. < Bright light. < When at rest. < at night. < after coitus. < washing head. (>) Dry sunny days, in the sun.
(>) Open air (though vertigo is aggravated out of doors).
(>) warm room.
(>) From firm pressure; friction; rubbing.
(>) After a nose bleed.
Antidote to Lach (Herring), Partial antidotes Puls, Mag-C, Mosch, Cupr, Chel, Gels, Bov, Carb. Veg.
Desire to jump Stram, Croc, Nat-m, Stict, Asar, Agar, Hyos, Cic.
Hysteria, alternation of moods, sensation of something alive, black, clots, epistaxis Croc.
Unfortunate love Ph-ac.
Nymphomania Cann-i, Canth, Hyos, Murex, Orig, Phos, Verat-a.
Music aggravates Acon, Ambr, Graph, Nat-c, Nux-v., Sabin, Sep. Thuja.
Fear of touch or contact Acon, Ant-c, Arn, Bell, Cham, Cina, Cinch, Colch, Hep-s, Kali-c, Lach, Nux.v, Plb., Spig.
Hysteria Ambr, Asaf, Cimic, Cocc, Croc, Gels, Ign, Kali-p, Mosch, Nux-m, Phos, Plat, Puls. Sep. Samb, Valer, Zinc-val.
Loquacity Agar, Cimic, Hyos, Lach, Stram.
Desires to do absurd things Bell, Cic, Hyos, Stram.
Laughs immoderately at trifles Anac, Cann-i, Croc, Hyos, Mosch, Plat, Stram.
Sing Agar, Croc, Hyos, Stram.
Tears things Bell, Cimex, Stram, Verat-a.
Aimlessly busy Arg-n, Lit-t.
Cruel, inhuman, violentAnac, Croc, Nil-ac, Nux-v, Plat, Stram, Verat-a.
Rubbing ameliorates Canth, Mag-p, Phos, Podo.
Very sensitive to noise, slightest noise startles from sleep Asar, Calad, Nux-v.
Mania with desire to cut and tear things esp. clothes Verat-a.
Oversensitivity of nerves, scratching of linen or silk, crackling of paper is unbearable Asar, Ferr-m, Nit-ac, Nux- v., Ther.
Restlessness anxious Ars, Kali-ar., Kali-c, Nat-a, Nat-c.
Hurry Lit-t, Med., Merc, Nat-m, Sulph, Sul-ac.
Hurry movements in Stram, Sulph-ac.
Hurry walking, while Arg-n, Sulph-ac.
Hurry everybody must hurry Arg-n, Cann-i, Lach, Nat-p., Nux-m.
Destructiveness of clothes Bell, Camph, Hyos, Ign, Nux-v, Plb., Stram, Sulph, Verat.
Anger, violent Acon, Anac, Aur, Cham, Hep, Nit-ac, Nux-v, Staph.
Anger, touched when Ant-c, Iod.
Dancing Acon, Agar, Apis, Bell, Cann-i, Carc, Cic, Cocc, Con, Croc, Crot-t, Hyos, Ign, Merc, Nat-m, Ph-ac, Pip-m, Plat, Rob, Santin.
Insanity Ars, Bell Hyos, Lyc, Merc. Nux-v., Stram, Verat.
Insanity Strength increased Agar, Bell, Canth, Corr-r, Hyos, Stram.
Threatening Agar, Hep, Stam, Tub, Valer.
Work desire for mental Anth, Aloe, Arn, Bad, Brom, Carb-ac, Chin, Clem, Cob, Coca, Eug, Ham, Lach, Laur, Naja, Nat-m, Nat p, Ped, Pip-m, Rhus-t, Seneg, Sulph, Samb, Ther.
Industrious Aur, Tub.
Hysteria Asaf, Aur, Caust, Cocc, Con, Gels, Ign, Kali-p, Lach, Mag-m, Nat-m, Nit-ac, Nux-m, Nux-v, Plat, Puls, Sep., Sil, Valer, Verat.
-Disobedience Acon, Agn, Am-c, Am-m, Arn, Calc, Canth, Caps, Caust, Chin, Dig, Elae, Guaj, Lyc, Merc. Nit-ac, Nux-v, Petr. Phos Spig, Staph, Sulfonal Sulph, Viol-o, Viol-t. Obstinate Alum, Anac, Arg-n, Bell, Calc, Cham, Nux-v, Tub.
Contrary Alum, Anac, Arg-n, Lach, Merc.
Fear walking of rapidly.
Feigning sick Arg-n, Bell, Ign, Plb, Sabad, Sil, Verat.
Sensitive noise to, music, amel Aur.
Touched, aversion to being Ant-c, Cham, Kali-c.
Dancing Acon, Aether, Agar, Apis, Bell, Cann-i, Carc, Chiol, Cic., Cocc., Con., Croc., Crot-t, Grat, Hyos, Ign., Merc., Nat m, Phos-ac, Pip-m., Plat., Rob, Santin, Sep., Sil., Stict., Stram, Tab.
Irritation of periphery of nerves exercising, rubbing Kali br.
Chorea Mygal, Cimic, Agar, Stram.
Bores head into pillow Bell, Hell.
Fidgety feet Caust, Zinc.
Periodicity of complaints Aran, Ars., Cact, Cinch, Eup-per, Ign, Nat-m, Tela.
Periodicity every year Ars., Carb-v., Crot-hor, Lach, Sulph, Thuja.
Aggravation at rest Arn., Ars, Cycl, Fer-m, Merc, Puls, Rhod, Rhus-t, Samb, Sep.
Restlessness Acon, Agar, Ars, Bapt, Bell, Cham, Cimic, Coff, Ign., Rhus-t., Sulph.
-Jerkings, twitchings, starting during sleep, Acon, Aeth, Agar, Apis, Bell, Cina, Hyos, Ign, Lyc, Stam, Sulph, Zinc-m.
-Restlessness Acon, Anac, Arg-n, Ars, Ars-i, Bapt., Bell, Calc., Calc-p, Camph, Cimic, Cit-v, Coloc, Cup Cupr-ar, ferr, Ferr-ar, Hyos, Lyco, Merc Plb, Puls, Pyrog, Rhus-t, Sec., Sep, Sil, Staph, Stram, Sulph, Zinc.
Restlessness bed tossing about in Ars., Cupr., Ferr, Ip, Rhus-t. Restlessness anxious compelling rapid walking Ars.
Tarentula hispanica has been used by me in the following cases very frequently
Summing up the common symptoms on which Tarentula hispanica has been indicated.
Desires raw food
Obstinate, when refused lied on ground and banged the head.
It is very interesting to note that Stramonium. Tarentula and Tuberculinum come very close in pediatric case prescription.
Case of Tarentula Hispanica
One morning at about 4 a.m., a lady came home desperately asking for help. Her father-in-law had not passed stools since two days inspite of giving three enemas.
When I went to her house, I saw an 80 year old man, in messed up clothes, shouting fearfully that he was going to die.
While his son started to give me the history, he abused him and said that it was he who was sick and that he would give the history himself. He said that he had a sensation as if there was a machine gun in his rectum. He had a feeling that everything was packed inside.
On examining him, I found two deep fissures which caused the inability to pass the stool. The following rubrics were taken
Constipation, stool remains in rectum, with awful anxiety.
Answers abruptly, shortly.
Anxiety, health about.
Tarentula hispanica 200 single dose was given. In two hours the pain decreased and the patient could pass stool. The patient felt much better and no medicine was required thereafter.