When there is an open mind, there will always be a frontier.
[Charles F. Kettering]
CLASSIFICATION Phosphorus is the second element in group 15 of the periodic system; nitrogen is the lightest member, arsenic, antimony and bismuth follow after phosphorus. Phosphorus does not occur naturally, but only in the oxidized form of phosphates, e.g. in the minerals apatite, phosphophyllite, turquoise, and vivianite. Russia, USA, Morocco, Tunisia, Togo, and Nauru are the main mining areas. Phosphorus is the 11th most common element in the earth’s crust.
FORMS Phosphorus has a number of allotropic forms. The soft, waxy, and flammable white phosphorus [also called yellow phosphorus] exists in three modifications: alpha, beta, and gamma. When pure white phosphorus is colourless and transparent. Red [or amorphous] phosphorus, powdery and usually non-flammable, is a combination of white and violet phosphorus, and obtained by heating white phosphorus [alpha] at 250o C with air excluded or by exposing it to sunlight. Black phosphorus has a graphite-like structure and is made by heating white phosphorus at 300o C with a mercury catalyst or at 200o C under a pressure of 12,000 atmospheres. Black phosphorus is the most stable form and is, like graphite, a semi-conductor of electricity. Violet phosphorus arises when white phosphorus [alpha] is dissolved in molten lead and the mixture is cooled.
PROPERTIES White phosphorus and red phosphorus have more or less opposite properties. White phosphorus is waxy and soft, and brittle when frozen, red phosphorus is powdery or crystalline. White p. is extremely poisonous, causing burns when brought in contact with the skin, red p. is less dangerous but emits toxic fumes when heated. White p. ignites spontaneously at about 30o C in moist air [ignites at higher temperatures in dry air], red p. ignites when heated in air to about 260o C. White p. should be kept under water, red p. is stable. White p. is soluble in carbon disulphide and fatty oils, red p. is insoluble. White p. melts at 44.15o C, red p. cannot be molten under normal pressure. White p. emits a greenish light in the dark, red p. does not. White p. reacts violently and is a dangerous explosion hazard, red p. is not. White p. can be converted more easily into red p. than the reverse; to obtain the latter, red p. has to be distilled at 290o C and then cooled off quickly.
USES White phosphorus is used for the manufacture of rat poisons; for smoke screens; gas analysis. Red phosphorus is used in pyrotechnics; manufacture of safety matches, fertilizers, pesticides, incendiary shells, smoke bombs, and tracer bullets; in organic synthesis. Included as GRAS [Generally Recognized As Safe] by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, phosphates have various functions as food additives, and thus are found in numerous foods [as E339, E340, E341, E450, E451 and E 452]: cooked meats, ham, sausages, processed cheese products, processed meats, processed seafoods, processed fish products, instant desserts, jelly glazing mixes, sauce mixes, non-dairy powdered coffee creamers, drinking chocolate mixes, milk and cream powders, ice cream mixes, self-raising flour, baking powder, instant milk-based desserts, tinned tomatoes, cake mixes, potato-based snack foods, instant [powdered] soups, gelatine, beef spread, reduced-sugar jam products, edible ices, chewing gum, toppings and glazings. 1 Phosphates are also present in such products as antifreezes, automatic dish detergents, bath beads, laundry detergents, and latex paints.
FIRE Phosphorus was discovered in 1669 by Hennig Brand, an alchemist from Hamburg, Germany. Brand isolated it from urine. “The alchemist who made the discovery stumbled upon a material the like of which had never been seen. Unwittingly he unleashed upon an unsuspecting world one of the most dangerous materials ever to have been made. On that dark night our lone alchemist was having no luck with this latest experiments to find the philosopher’s stone.” [If taken literally, alchemists believed that the philosopher’s stone for making gold was contained in the dregs of the human body.] “Like many before him he had been investigating the golden stream, urine, and he was heating the residues from this which he had boiled down to a dry solid. He stoked his small furnace with more charcoal and pumped the bellows until his retort glowed red hot. Suddenly something strange began to happen. Glowing fumes filled the vessel and from the end of the retort dripped a shining liquid that burst into flames. Its pungent, garlic-like smell filled his chamber. When he caught the liquid in a glass vessel and stoppered it he saw that it solidified but continued to gleam with an eerie pale-green light and waves of flame seemed to lick its surface. Fascinated, he watched it more closely, expecting this curious cold fire to go out, but it continued to shine undiminished hour after hour. Here was magic indeed. Here was phosphorus.”2 Brand decided to name this new substance phosphorus, from the Greek phos, light, and phoros, bringing or bearing. [Phosphoros was also the ancient name for the planet Venus when appearing before sunrise.] Coincidence has it that the name of the discoverer of this magical fire was Brand, the German word for ‘fire’. Bitter irony has it that the place of discovery was Hamburg, a city engulfed in hellish fire from thousands of phosphorus fire-bombs during World War II. Homoeopathically, fire is a known element of the Phosphorus symptomatology, e.g. delusion a flame of fire seems passing through him, sees a sea of fire on closing the eyes, sees flashes in the dark, and sees sparks and lightnings on falling asleep.
MISFORTUNE Being the thirteenth chemical element to be isolated in its pure form, phosphorus seemed predisposed to become an ill-fated element. “To begin with, phosphorus was greeted with great acclaim and yet it was damned from the moment it was born. It displayed properties that humans were in no position to cope with. … It promised cures but it delivered mainly curses. It is a deadly poison and yet soon after its discovery it was being sold by pharmacists as a treatment for all kinds of illnesses and esp. mental conditions. … While doctors used phosphorus, hoping to cure their patients, others used it to murder them; and while some scientists were researching it with a view to making pesticides to benefit human beings, others were secretly turning it into nerve gases, the better to destroy them. Even Nature finds it difficult to control phosphorus, having assigned to it the role of limiting all life on Earth. Phosphorus is in short supply, yet is essential for every living cell. However, when humans increase the amount in the environment by using it as fertilizers and detergents, the life-forms that flourish may not be the ones we want. Phosphorus has the power to burst into flames; again a mixed blessing. Its ability to burn was put to use in various ways down the ages, starting with phosphorus tapers and phosphorus matches, and ending with phosphorus bullets and phosphorus bombs. The irony was that Hamburg was to be devastated by phosphorus in the twentieth century, when tens of thousands of its citizens would be burned alive by it. Back in seventeenth-century Hamburg all this was well into the future, but, for good or evil, the genie of phosphorus had been loosed on the world.”3
PHYSIOLOGY Phosphorus is essential to life because it is one of the five elements which make up DNA; the others are hydrogen, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen. It is one of the most abundant minerals in the human body, second only to calcium. It is required for the formation of bones and teeth, and is necessary for the metabolism of fats, protein, and carbohydrates. It functions as activator for the vitamin B complex. As a component of phospholipids – fat molecules essential to cell membranes – it helps maintain both fluidity and permeability of cell membranes, allowing nutrients to pass in and out of the cells. The regular contractions of the heart are dependent upon phosphorus as are normal cellular growth and repair. More than 80% of the phosphorus in the body is located in bone [as calcium phosphate]; the rest is contained in the muscles, nerves, and red blood cells. The human brain contains larger amounts of phosphorus than any other organ of the body. The absorption of phosphorus in the intestine is aided by the presence of vitamin D. Most of the absorbed phosphorus is eliminated by the kidneys in the urine. Caffeine causes increased phosphorus excretion by the kidneys. About 30% of dietary phosphorus escapes absorption and is excreted in the faeces. The primary controller of phosphorus levels is parathyroid hormone.
ENERGY Phosphorus is part of the body’s energy storage and release system. It converts glucose into glycogen, helps to maintain blood sugar levels and helps to form lecithin. “Nature has discovered that phosphorus has a subtle personality that makes it particularly suitable for the deployment of energy in organisms. One salient characteristic of life is that it is not over in a flash, but involves the slow uncoiling and careful disposition of energy: a spot of energy here, another there, not a sudden deluge. Life is a controlled unwinding of energy. Phosphorus, in the form of adenosine triphosphate [ATP], turns out to be perfect vector for the subtle deployment of energy, and it is common to all living cells. Viruses lack it, but acquire it from their hosts, and are sparked into activity once it becomes accessible. Here we see another organic alliance between nitrogen, which is crucial to the utilisation and conversion of energy, and phosphorus, which is crucial to its deployment, under control of the proteins that nitrogen constructs. The central importance of phosphorus has prompted the agrochemical industry to set up major activities in this region of the kingdom [periodic table], for the growth of crops depends critically on the ready availability of abundant phosphorus.”4
FOOD SOURCES The best dietary sources include sunflower seeds, watermelon seeds, pumpkin seeds, wheatgerm, soy flour, peas, nuts, tuna, cereals, brown rice, veal, eggs, ice cream, asparagus, beet, cucumber, radish, watercress, and dairy products. “Contrary to previous beliefs that phosphate content of the diet had a crucial influence on calcium absorption, it is now accepted that dietary relationship between the two is not important. However, for babies the calcium : phosphorus ratio of 2:1 in human milk is considered more desirable than that of 1,2:1 in cow’s milk. Dried milks are now adjusted to the more favoured ration of 2;1 and the levels of both minerals reduced to those of human breast milk.”5 Although the phosphorus content of nuts, seeds, and grains is considerably higher than that of dairy products, the former is partly contained in compounds indigestible for humans, whereas all of the phosphorus in eggs, milk, and cheese is digestible.
DEFICIENCY Phosphorus deficiencies from a lack of dietary phosphorus are unlikely because of its widespread distribution in foods. Many medical conditions, however, can induce low blood phosphate levels. Causes of chronic hypophosphatemia include hyperparathyroidism, other hormonal disturbances [Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism], renal tubular defects, theophylline intoxication, chronic diuretic administration, prolonged and excessive use of antacids containing aluminium or of anticonvulsant medications, chronic starvation, and phosphorus malabsorption. Severe chronic hypophosphatemia usually results from a prolonged negative phosphate balance and leads to phosphate depletion, anorexia, muscle weakness, and osteomalacia. 6 Other deficiency symptoms that may develop include debility, joint stiffness, paraesthesia, speech disorders, tremor, and mental confusion. Decreased growth, poor bone and tooth development, and symptoms of rickets may occur in phosphorus-deficient children.
EXCESS Excessive intake of junkfood, e.g. processed foods, soft drinks, meats, may result in too high phosphate levels, which can cause diarrhoea, and calcification in organs and soft tissues, and can prevent absorption of iron, calcium, magnesium and zinc.
TOXICOLOGY White phosphorus is much more toxic than red phosphorus. It can be absorbed through skin contact, ingestion, or breathing. Ingestion of 50-100 mg white phosphorus is lethal to humans. Chronic exposure to white phosphorus leads to poor wound healing in the mouth and necrosis of the jaw [phossy jaw], changes in the long bones leading to brittleness and spontaneous fractures, anaemia, and weight loss. Ingestion of even small amounts of white phosphorus may produce severe gastrointestinal irritation, bloody diarrhoea, liver and heart damage, kidney damage, skin eruptions, oliguria, circulatory collapse, coma, convulsions, and death.
COMBUSTION Equally bizarre as gruesome, spontaneous human combustion is a phenomenon of which many well-documented case reports are on record. The cause is poorly understood; some believe it to be a myth, whilst others think it to be phosphorus-related. Sceptics declare that the source of ignition is an external one, but this leaves many cases unexplained in which victims were reduced to ashes while their clothes remained unburned or the surroundings undamaged. Another typical element is that some victims appear to have been in a trance-like state, since they didn’t make any attempt to escape. 7 In Victorian times spontaneous combustion was considered to befall only alcoholics or other sinners. Charles Dickens’s description in Bleak House is illustrative: “Plenty will come but none can help … Call the death by any name … say it might have been prevented how you will, it is the same death eternally – inborn, inbred, engendered in the corrupted humours of the vicious body itself – spontaneous combustion – and none other, of all the deaths that can be died.”8
LIGHTNING Lightning is life-giving or death-dealing. Being struck by lightning was in some traditional cultures synonymous with divine punishment, yet others compared it with seminal ejaculation, symbolizing God’s virile action in creation. “On the spiritual plane, lightning produces inward light since it forces the individual to close his or her eyes, that is, to meditate. Lightning marks the individual deeply in the sense of Job’s ‘he hath set his mark upon me’. … As the weapon of Zeus, forged in fire [symbol of the intellect] by the Cyclops, lightning is ‘the symbol of intuitive and spiritual enlightenment’, or of the sudden flash of inspiration. However, while it enlightens and stirs the spirit, lightning strikes down ‘the drive of unsatisfied and uncontrolled desire’, represented by the Titans. The symbol is ambivalent – it both enlightens and destroys. … Its association with rain – celestial semen – is almost world-wide. Together they comprise two facets of the same symbol, based upon the twofold nature of Fire and Water, which can be either positive or negative. They may be the agent of fertility, but they can also be divine punishments wiping mankind out by fire or flood.” 9The flash of lightning is related to dawn and illumination, being universal in the image of Logos piercing the darkness. Lightning is connected with the first sign of the Zodiac [Aries], symbolic of the spring-principle and of the initial stage of every cycle. Jupiter’s three thunderbolts symbolize change, destiny and providence – the forces that mould the future, expressing the action of the higher upon the lower. 10
PROVINGS •• [1] Hahnemann – 10 provers; method: unknown.
•• [2] Holcombe – self-experimentation, 1858; method: repeated doses of alcoholic solution for five days.
•• [3] Sorge – 12 provers [8 males, 4 females], c. 1862; method: repeated or increasing doses, daily or in intervals, of 3x, 2x, 1x [dils.], or of alcoholic solution, for periods ranging from 2 weeks to 7 months [!].
•• [4] Heath – self-experimentation, 1865; method: single dose of 5 drops of “some tincture of phosphorus.”
•• [5] Robinson – 5 provers [2 males, 3 females], c. 1867; method: 30x dil. [every third morning; or night and morning], 1x dil. [four times a day for eight days], 3x dil. [three times a day], tincture [20 to 50 drops at bedtime].
•• [6] Martin – 7 provers, 1875-76; method: 1x, 2x, and 3x [trits.], manner not stated.
Martin’s proving was conducted with red [amorphous] phosphorus. “All these provings were subsequently sent to Dr. T.F. Allen, of New York, for publication in his Materia Medica. I expected that he would give them a separate place in his valuable work; but he placed them amongst the uncertain symptoms of the ordinary phosphorus which were obtained from reports of people who had been poisoned by swallowing matches containing some phosphorus, as well as considerable [amounts] of sulphur, chlorate of potash, etc. Permit me to remark here that while I concede to Dr. Allen great praise for his painstaking labour in the production of his valuable work on the Materia Medica, I protest that, since he has attempted to give the profession a pure Materia Medica, he ought not to have incorporated in the work symptoms of persons accidentally poisoned by swallowing matches, etc. etc., as he does in the provings of phosphorus. … During the past year I have habitually used Amorphous phosphorus in place of the common substance for many of the symptoms for which the ordinary phosphorus is usually prescribed, and it does not disappoint me, and I have also had the satisfaction of knowing that I was giving pure phosphorus.”11
[1] Hanssen, E for Additives. [2-3] Emsley, The Shocking History of Phosphorus: A Biography of the Devil’s Element. [4] Atkins, The Periodic Kingdom. [5] Mervyn, Vitamins and Minerals. [6] Merck Manual. [7] Michel and Rickard, Phenomena: a book of wonders; London, 1977. [8] Dickens, cited in Emsley, The Shocking History of Phosphorus. [9] Chevalier and Gheerbrant, Dictionary of Symbols. [10] Cirlot, A Dictionary of Symbols. [11] H. Noah Martin, Provings of Amorphous Phosphorus; Transactions of the American Institute of Homoeopathy, 1882.
CAVITIES [head; LUNGS; heart]. CIRCULATION [blood; BLOOD VESSELS; arteries]. MUCOUS MEMBRANES [STOMACH; BOWELS; lungs – lower lobe]. NERVES [brain; cord]. Bones [jaw – upper; shin; spine]. Liver. * LEFT SIDE. LEFT LOWER and RIGHT UPPER.
Worse: LYING ON [LEFT or painful side; BACK]. SLIGHT CAUSES [EMOTIONS; talking; touch; odours; light]. COLD [HANDS [in water]; open air]. WARM FOOD. Salt. Puberty. Weather [sudden changes; windy; cold; thunderstorms]. Morning and evening. Mental fatigue.
Better: Eating. Sleep. Cold [food; water; water to face]. Rubbing [mesmerism].
Sitting up. Lying on the right side. In the dark.
Main symptoms
M Extroverted, expressive, AFFECTIONATE and SYMPATHETIC.
Sensitive to surroundings/atmosphere.
May be clairvoyant.
• “The phosphorus type is also sensitive and delicate psychically; also supersensitive toward sensory impressions, against light, noise, music, odours, perfumes, and contact. Such people are also sensitive to personal influences. In general they are in need of support, they feel badly when they are alone and they welcome moving around and contact with healthy people. Dahlke’s view that the desire for massage and the improvement from it may be explained from this psychic situation is quite enlightening. The great sensitivity for impressions permits such people to proceed in an animated manner; indeed, it approaches ecstasy and clear-sightedness which signifies the extremely fine sensitivity. To these corresponds the alert, animated facial expression; the psychic processes are found without difficulty in the gestures and mien. On the other side, from the intensity and the tempo of their experiences, these delicate people become easily fatigued, become tired and indifferent and ever demand rest. Memory fails; sleep improves. The conversion from the animated, indeed excited and at times vehement, state to fatigued, indifferent, and anxious picture is sudden.” [Leeser]
M Easily distracted.
Quick perception.
• “Greatly excited fantasy from reading a silly little story, so that he must take a great effort to go on with his work.” [Hughes]
• “The personality, devoid of mental firmness as well as of vital stamina, is bound to be a drifting straw, an almost helpless victim of outer influences and inner emotions. … Finding no source of strength within himself, he must look for support and recharging of his energies from without, thus always depending and leaning upon others. … All in all he is a truly flower- or butterfly-like being, thriving in the sunshine of favourable circumstances but wilting in the darkness and coldness of adversity.” [Whitmont]
darkness, twilight, death, alone, ghosts, future, health, diseases, about others, thunderstorms.
M Self-love; self-centred.
• “The Phosphorus sparkle proceeds not only from eager responsiveness to others and love of life but also from self-love. He considers himself more sensitive and refined, more intuitive, more entertaining, more gifted, more spiritual than others. He can be quite fascinated with himself and view his person as the centre around which others revolve, or as a latter-day Prometheus whose talents enrich mankind like the fire stolen from heaven. … Phosphorus does not dominate aggressively yet still manages to divert attention to himself. … The Phosphorus narcissism may manifest itself in a liking for mirrors; these individuals, both male and female, will have a number of them distributed around the home. They explain them as enhancing the light or expanding the space, but the unconscious motivation is a desire to admire themselves in any room of the house. Likewise, Phosphorus may be suspected as a component of the constitution of any individual whose house is covered with photographs of himself in various activities, poses, or stages of life. … The Phosphorus penchant for histrionics can degenerate into hysterics, exhibitionism, and the courting of difficulty and danger to exploit the attention and sympathy of others.” [Coulter]
• “Histrionic personality is characterized by immaturity, excitability, emotional instability, a craving for excitement, and self-dramatisation [an attention-seeking device that is often seductive in nature]. Sexual adjustment is usually poor and interpersonal relationships are stormy. These individuals often show dependence and helplessness and are quite gullible. Usually they are self-centred, vain, and overconcerned about approval from others, who see them as overly reactive, shallow, and insincere.”1
M Scattered.
• “Having just prepared some tincture of Phosphorus [strength not stated], I took 5 drops about 5 p.m. Thinking no more about it, I retired about 10, but was unable to sleep; desire for it was very great, but I could not find a comfortable position. My mind was greatly oppressed with melancholy; tears would start without cause; a feeling of dread, as if awaiting something terrible, while unable to resist or move, overcame me. Sometimes it seemed as if I was beginning to bloat, and then I could hear a multitude of voices saying, in high glee, ‘Fill him up a little more and he will burst,’ followed by demonical laughter, which made cold chills run over me. Darting, cutting pains gave me much distress, starting from separate points and flashing over whole abdomen; I imagined myself an aurora borealis, and seemed to hear distinctly voices shouting, ‘Beautiful, oh! was not that splendid?’ as the pains became more severe and lasting. Soon, however, the agony became so great that it threw off in a measure the stupor that clouded my senses. Springing from bed, I hastily dressed and sat down to collect my scattered thoughts. My fingers were all thumbs; I felt a numbness of the whole body accompanied by a sensation as if encompassed by innumerable needles that just touched, and on slightest motion entered, my body. Throat felt dry and parched; a flame seemed passing through me. When I attempted to walk my legs seemed glued to the floor; the slightest motion caused great pain. With great exertion I reached the vessel. The moment the bowels began to move the pain assumed the form of cramps. The passages were like the scrapings of intestines and were almost constant, attended with tenesmus for upwards of 2 hours, at end of which I lay down on bed weak, sore, and almost helpless.” [Hughes]
G Sudden weakness.
• “Quickly prostrated by unpleasant impressions.” [Boger]
G Usually CHILLY, may be warm.
< COLD in general, but craves fresh air. • “The avidity for oxygen gives elementary phosphorus the property of luminescence in air. Thereby it is remarkable that the luminescence of phosphorus requires slight amounts of O2 and on the contrary the self-luminescence ceases when phosphorus is brought into an atmosphere of pure oxygen. The light energy in luminescence of phosphorus arises from the chemical energy which becomes free in the oxidation. Above a certain oxygen pressure the speed of this oxidation does not progress with increasing O2 concentration, but in apparent contradiction to the law of mass action there is a decrease.” [Leeser] Cold air > head and face symptoms, but < those of chest, throat and neck. G Sensation of HEAT when eating WARM food. G Ravenous hunger; nightly [waking from hunger]. Ravenous hunger preceding attacks [e.g. headache]. • “The marked hunger has a certain spasmodic nature. Soon after eating, the hunger returns. The patient must arise at night to eat. Before or during the headache ravenous hunger exists. Many complaints, esp. the nervous, are improved by eating but improvement does not last long. The patient can sleep better when he has eaten something. The hunger is spasmodic and at other times there is an aversion to food, or the patient desires food, but will not eat it when it is brought to him. The severe thirst for cold water is similar in nature. The quenching of the thirst relieves only momentarily; the thirst reappears when the water has become warm in the stomach and then vomiting often occurs. Correspondingly, there is a desire for cold, refreshing, moist food.” [Leeser] G Tendency to HYPOGLYCEMIA. [skipping a meal = headache, weakness and trembling] G Strong craving for COLD drinks, ICE CREAM and SPICY food. G Great THIRST, esp. for cold water. COLD WATER [desire + >].
• “After coffee great thirst and frequent micturition.” [Hughes]
G > SLEEP, even SHORT sleep.
G > Rubbing.
> Magnetism.
G < LYING on LEFT SIDE [esp. palpitation and cough]. < Lying on BACK. G Weak, empty, all gone sensation. [head, stomach, chest, ABDOMEN] G BURNING pains; local; in small spots. Burning heat up the back. G ACUTENESS of senses during headache [esp. of SMELL]. Can even think better during headache [due to rush of blood to head]. G HAEMORRHAGES. [ecchymosis, epistaxis, bleeding gums, apoplexy, prolonged bleeding of wounds] G Too RAPID GROWTH in children. Sudden growth spurts. P HEAT of HANDS. [seeks a cold place in bed for relief; puts them out of the covers] [1] Coleman, Butcher, and Carson, Abnormal Psychology and Modern Life. Symptoms from the proving of AMORPHOUS [RED] PHOSPHORUS [The following proving symptoms are in Martin’s text printed in italics – “symptoms occurring more than once in the proving” – or in capitals – “symptoms of constant appearance with all provers”.] Nervous feeling, as if he were going to die. – Gloomy about the future. – Sense of impending trouble. – Sensation of vertigo when pressing forehead and when lying down; > sitting up.
Vertigo when looking up and turning around quickly. – Very heavy dull feeling in head after eating. – Numbness in upper half of head. – Sudden sharp cutting pain over left eye. – Frontal headache and fulness in ears. – Nose dry and stopped up. – Tongue very dry on awaking. – Mouth and nose very dry on awaking. – Much thirst. – Frequent desire for water, but a small quantity is sufficient to quench the thirst. – Stitching pain in right hypochondrium. – Urging to stool on rising. – Stool hard and difficult. – Cough without expectoration. – Dull, aching pain in lumbar region. – Troublesome itching of both legs. – Lower limbs tired. – Cold feet. – Easily fatigued by walking. – Sleepy and stupid; hard to keep awake. – Heavy, unrefreshing sleep. – During the night restless, nervous, giddy, nausea, erections, seminal emissions, and flatulence. – Excessive perspiration. – Severe coldness throughout the body.
Loves affection [2; Carc.]. Anxiety, evening in twilight [2], when alone [3], followed by indifference [1/1], > warmth [2; Graph.]. Sensation of brotherhood [1]. Confusion, > cold bath [2], > washing the face [2]. Delusions, being on a distant island [1*], being a distinguished lady [1*]. Dulness, unable to think long [3]. Discusses her symptoms with everyone [1; Arg-n.; Pop-c.]. Fear, of death when alone in evening in bed [2]. Indifference, to her children [3], to relations [3]. Prostration of mind from trifles [2; Am-c.]. Desire for sympathy from others [3; Androc.]. Unconsciousness from odours [2; Nux-v.].
Exercising > [1; Mill.]. Mental exertion > [1/1].
Head sensitive to cold air at night [2/1]. Heat, when speaking [1; Ph-ac.], vertex, after grief [2].
Sensation as if closed lids are wide open [1; Sep.].
Colours before the eyes, black spots before headache [1]. Dim, > twilight [2]. A sea of fire on closing the eyes [3]. Flashes, in the dark [3], on going to sleep [2/1]. Lost, after lightning stroke [1/1]. Trembling of objects in morning on waking [1/1].
Noises, changing into beautiful tones [1*]; reverberating, every sound [1].
Acute, noises are long retained [1; Lyc.].
Nausea, > beer [1*]. Thirst after drinking coffee [1*].
Sensation as if one testicle was drawn up [1*].
Sensation as if a fluid went from trunk into knees, elbows, and wrists [1*]. Heat, when speaking [1/1].
Numbness lumbar region [1*].
Sensation as if right arm were drawn downwards when it hangs down [1*]. Heat, hands, from excitement [1]; flushes of heat beginning in hands [2/1]. Washes dry hot hands frequently [2/1].
Blood [2]. Doesn’t succeed in business [2].
Luminous [1/1]. Odour, sulphur [1].
Flushes of heat as if warm water were poured over one, when idea occurs vividly [2/1]. Weakness, from hunger [2], > sleep [2].
* Repertory additions [Hughes].
Aversion: [3]:Fruit; warm drinks; warm food. [2]: Beer; bread; butter; coffee; fish; flour; garlic; meat; milk; milk, boiled; onions; oysters; pastry; puddings; salty fish; sweets; tea; tobacco; tomatoes; vegetables. [1]: Cereals; cooked food; eggs; fat meat; fat; fruit; herring; potatoes; rich food; salt food; smoking.
Desire: [3]: Cold drinks; cold food; spicy; ice cream; salty things; wine. [2]: Alcohol; brandy; carbonated; cheese; chicken; chocolate; cold milk; cucumbers; milk; raw meat; refreshing things; rice, dry; salt + sweets; sour; sugar; sweets; whisky. [1]: Beer; fat; fat + salt; fat + sweets; fish; fruit; juicy things; oysters; pungent.
Worse: [3]: Garlic; garlic, smell of; hot food; salt; warm food. [2]: Buckwheat; butter; milk; pastry; sauerkraut; tobacco. [1]: Apples; black bread; bread; bread and butter; cheese; cheese, smell of; cider; coffee [= thirst]; fat; fruit; honey; onions; rich food; sour; spices; sweets; tomatoes; vinegar; wine.
Better: [3]: Cold drinks; cold food. [1]: Beer [> nausea]; bread; coffee; frozen food; ice cream; wine.

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