– A.W. Cowperthwaite.

Synonym. Chloride of Sodium. Common names. Common Salt. Table

Acts upon the blood, the lymphatic system, the mucous lining of the digestive tract and upon the liver and spleen. It causes a deterioration of the blood, which, with a high degree of irritation, results in inflammation, partaking of a scorbutic nature, and from which arise various ulcers and eruptions on the skin, as well as destructive inflammations of mucous and glandular tissues and conditions generally pointing to a distinct dyscrasia of a scorbutic character. Aside from this dyscrasia the most essential feature of Salt is its power to produce a condition of system or a cachexia simulating that which results from long-lasting or badly treated cases of ague, and it is in this sphere of therapeutics that Salt has achieved its greatest victory.
Mind. Melancholia depressed, sad and weeping (Ign., Nux m., Puls., Rhus tox.); consolation aggravates; prefers to be alone. Very irritable and ill-humored; easily provoked to anger (Bry., Cham., Nux v.). Excitement. Laughs immoderately and cannot be quieted. Despair depriving him of all power. Disinclination to mental work. Difficult thinking; absence of mind; weakness of memory (Agn., Ambr., Anac., Kreos., Lach., Merc., Nux m., Phos. ac.). Distraction when talking. Easily makes mistakes in writing. Head. Vertigo; in morning on rising, better on lying down again; and great dullness of the head; with flickering before the eyes (Bell.). Involuntary nodding the head forward. Dullness and heaviness of the head (Caps., Cinch.); in morning after thinking Headache in the morning on awaking (Kali bi., Nitr. ac., Nux v.); lasts till noon; sick headache. Headache from sneezing and coughing, disappearing on pressure. Dull, pressing stupefying headache. Rush of blood to the head. Throbbing or stitches in head, extending to neck or chest. Throbbing and heat in the head, with redness in the face, nausea and vomiting. Heavy pressive pain in forehead over both eyes; as if the eyes would be pressed out, better from pressure on the eyes. Falling out of the hair (Graph., Merc., Nitr. ac., Petrol., Phos., Sep., Sulph.); sensitiveness of the scalp (Cinch., Merc., Mez., Nitr. ac.). Itching eruption of margins of hair at nape of neck. Eyes. Dimness of vision, as if looking through a mist of veil (Caust., Croc., Petrol., Phos., Sil., Sulph.). Objects become confused; letters and stitches run together (Sil.). Small fiery points constantly before the eyes (Cycl., Merc., Sulph.). Eyes give out on using them (Phos., Ruta., Sep.). Inflammation, redness and lachrymation (Acon., Bell.); feeling as if balls were too large and compressed. Pressure in the eyes on looking intently at anything. Sensation of sand in the eye mornings (Ars., Caust., Ign., Sulph.). Burning and smarting in the eyes. (Nux v.). Sensitive to light. Margins of lids red, inflamed, burning, agglutinated in morning (Alum., Graph., Lyc., Puls., Sulph.); Spasmodic closure of lids. Irritability of margins of lids and of their conjunctivae. Itching of inner canthi, with lachrymation. Ears. Hardness of hearing. Cracking in ears when chewing. Discharge of pus from ears (Graph., Hep. s., Merc.). Nose. Inflammation and swelling of left side of nose; painful to touch, itching. Internal soreness and swelling. Liable to catch cold; coryza, fluent; discharge of thick mucus; or nose dry and stopped up; sneezing. Epistaxis, blood clotted. Painful burning pustules below septum, of nose, afterward confluent and covered with a scab. Face. Yellow color of face (Chel., Hep. s., Sep.). Face shines as if greasy. Redness of the left cheek. Lips dry, chapped and cracked; upper lip swollen (Calc. c). Beard falls out. Great swelling and some burning of lower lip, followed by a vesicle, next day a scab and desquamation. Tettery eruptions around the mouth (Ant. crud., Lyc.). Periodical prosopalgia, especially after checked ague; face sallow, great thirst. Mouth. Gums swollen and bleed easily (Carb. v., Merc., Phos., Nitr. ac.). Painful ulcers. Teeth loose, sensitive to cold; cold air; also gums. Blisters like pearls about the mouth; especially in intermittent fever. Great complaint about dryness of tongue, which is not very dry. Sensation as of a hair upon the tongue (sil.). Fistula dentalis. Tongue dry and stiff, speech difficult. Mapped tongue. Vesicles and ulcers in the mouth, and on the tongue (Lyc., Mur. ac.); smarting and burning when touched by the food. Salivation in the morning; saliva salty. Taste bitter (bry., Nux v., Puls., Sulph.); salty (Merc.); entire loss of taste (Puls.). Throat. Frequent hawking of salty-tasting mucus. Sensation of a plug in the throat (Bell., Nux v.), with rawness and burning pain. Easily chokes when swallowing. Swelling of the cervical glands. Stomach. Excessive hunger; after eating weary and sleepy. Eructations after eating; incomplete; violent. Loss of appetite (Ars., Calc. c., Cinch., Sulph.). Violent hiccough. Aversion to bread, of which he was once very fond (Cycl., Lyc., Nux v.); also to coffee (Lyc., Phos. ac.). Repugnance to smoking, to which he was accustomed. Violent, unquenchable thirst (Acon., Ars., Bry., Rhus tox.). Nausea. Heartburn (Lyc., Nux v.). Distension. Constrictive cramp in the stomach. Burning and fullness in the stomach. Sore pain after eating. Pressure in pit of stomach, which is sensitive to touch. Throbbing in pit of stomach after eating. Sensation as if a foreign body were sticking in the cardiac orifice and behind the sternum. Abdomen. Stitches and tension in hepatic (Ars., Bry., Calc. c., Kali. c., Merc., Nux. v., Sep.) and splenic regions (Natr. carb., Sulph.). Pinching pain in right side of abdomen. Abdomen distended; rumbling and incarceration of flatus (lyc., Cinch.). Cutting griping pains as with diarrhoea. Pain in ring when coughing, extending into the testicles, as if spermatic cords would be torn to pieces. Stool and Anus. Constipation, with sensation of contraction of the anus; difficult expulsion of hard, dry and crumbling stool (Amm. mur.), fissuring the anus (Nitr. ac.), so that it bleeds and pains as if sore. Itching stitches in the rectum; evening in bed. Protrusion of the rectum. Burning in anus after hard stool. Alternate constipation and diarrhoea (Ant. crud., Cimic., Nux v., Podo.), irregular, unsatisfactory stools. Painless watery diarrhoea (Ars., Cinch., Podo.). Urinary Organs. Discharge of mucus from the urethra during and after urination (Mer. cor.), causing itching and biting. Cutting and burning in urethra after urination (Canth.). Urethra painfully sore to pressure. Frequent desire to urinate, with copious flow of light watery urine. Urine dark and turbid. Clear, pale. Urine passes in voluntarily while walking, coughing or laughing (Caust., Puls., Zinc.). Brick-dust sediment in urine (Arn., Cinch., Lyc., Phos.). Male Organs. Phymosis. Excessive irritability of the sexual instinct, but with physical weakness. Emissions; every night; soon after coition. Violent itching on and under the scrotum. Female Organs. Pressing and bearing down in the genitals every morning; has to sit down to prevent prolapsus (Bell., Plat., Lil., Sep.). Menses too early and too profuse; last too long. Suppression of the menses (Acon., Cimic., Pulse.). Itching of the genital organs (Canth., Coni., Merc.). Leucorrhoea., profuse, of a greenish color, worse while walking. Respiratory Organs. Hoarseness in the morning; accumulation of mucus in the larynx. Cough in the morning; in evening after lying down in bed; from empty swallowing; from tickling in the throat; with bursting pain in forehead (Bry., Nux v.); with shortness of breath; with vomiting of food; with tearing pains in spermatic cords. Dry cough with expectoration of blood; tickling cough, worse mornings, with hawking of mucus. Hacking cough. Stitches (Bry., Kali c.) or sore pain in chest (Arn., Baryt. c., Nux v., Phos., Stan.). Dyspnoea, on ascending stairs, breath short. Heart and Pulse. Fluttering motion of the heart (Lil. tig.). Palpitation of the heart; on going up stairs; when lying on left side ( Natr. carb., Phos.);with anxiety. Coldness about the heart. Painful stitches in region of heart (Bry., Cact., Kali c.); after reading aloud. Constriction of the heart with intermittent pulse and oppression in lower part of chest, as if lungs had not room enough to expand. Intermission in the beating of the heart and pulse (Coni., Digit., Kali c.). Pulse rapid. Neck and Back. Pain in small of back as if broken (Aloe, Bell., Cimic., Nux v.). Swelling of lymphatic glands. Pain in back relieved by lying on something hard (Rhus tox.). Throat and neck emaciate rapidly, especially during summer complaint. Stitches kin the neck and back part of the head. Paralytic feeling in small of back, in morning on rising; paralytic weakness nearly all day, better from lying, worse from eating. Violent pulsation in small of back. Upper Limbs. Weakness and paralytic heaviness in the arms. Trembling of the hands when writing (Zinc.). Skin of hands, especially about the nails, dry, cracked; hang-nails (Sulph., Thuja.); whitish hives on arms and hands. Bruised pain in upper arm. Cold hands. Lower Limbs. Weakness and trembling of the lower extremities, on rising from a seat, better from continued walking. Red tetter in hollow of knees. Stitches in the hip-joint; in left knee. Drawing pains in thighs, knees and legs. Swelling from middle of leg downward in evening and next morning, with feeling as if feet were filled with lead. Great heaviness of the legs and feet. Tension in the calves while walking. Tension in hollow of knees, as if tendons were too short (Amm. mur.). Paralytic feeling in ankle-joint, while sitting or walking. Restlessness in legs and feet; must move them constantly (Zinc.). Heaviness in feet; in evening on walking. Cramp-like stitching pain in left foot. Cold feet. Generalities. Great emaciation (Acet. ac., Ars., Ferr., Graph., Iodi., Phos.); more of body than face; trembling of the whole body; caused by tobacco smoking (Ars.). Easily fatigued; mental and physical exhaustion, and weakness; great prostration (Ars., Cinch., Phos.). Takes cold easily (Calc. c., Kali c., Phos., Sil.). Dread of open air. Muscles, especially of thighs and arms, painful on motion, as if flesh were loose. Pulsation in while body, even during rest. Skin. Itching and pricking in the skin. Itching over the whole body. Large red blotches, like hives, itching violently. Itching nettle rash after bodily exertion. Herpes circinatus (Sep.). Tettery eruptions, oozing an acrid fluid; crusts with deep cracks. Sleep. Sleepiness during the day, with frequent yawning (Natr. carb.). Sleepy at night, but cannot sleep. Sleepless. Waking from fright, thought there were thieves in the house. Talking in sleep. Uneasy, anxious sleep; weeping in sleep. (Nitr. ac.). Vivid, anxious dreams. Fever. Chill predominates (Bry.), mostly internal; hands and feet-icy- cold (Gels.). Chilliness over whole body, with heat in the forehead, pressure in root of nose, and violent thirst. Chill 10 to 11 A.M., beginning in feet or small of back; blue nails; thirst; bursting headache; nausea and vomiting. Heat, with violent headache and thirst, chilliness over the back, and sweat in axillae and soles of feet. Profuse perspiration, too easily excited by motion (Calc. c., Hep. s., Phos.); at night. During apyrexia; stitches about the liver; languor; emaciation; sallow complexion; loss of appetite; fever blisters on the lips. Aggravation. While lying down, especially in morning or evening; at 10 A.M.; after exertion; ion heat of sun; heat in general. Amelioration. In open air; while fasting; after dinner; from sitting up. Compare. Alum., Ars., Bry., Calc. c., Carb. v., Cinch., Graph., Ign., Lyc., Merc., Mur. ac., Nitr. ac., Nux v., Phos., Plumb., Puls., Rhus tox., Sep., Sil., Sulph., Zinc., Natr. mur. is followed well by Sep. Antidotes. Apis., Ars., Camph., Phos., Nitr. sp. d. Natrum Muriaticum Antidotes. Apis., Arg. nit., Quin. The chief clinical use of Natrum mur. is in the treatment of scorbutic affections, and in disease resulting from malnutrition. It is also a valuable remedy in intermittent fever, especially inveterate or badly treated cases; after Quinine; in damp regions, or near newly turned ground; chill 10-11 A.M. Fever blisters on lips, and other symptoms as mentioned above. Cases are reported as cure with distinctly different symptoms, but the above only are characteristic Cachexia from ague plus Quinine. Is also recommended in rheumatic fever with chilliness. Typhus fever with much stupor and chilliness, gastric symptoms; after typhus suppuration of parotids. A valuable remedy in infantile marasmus from malnutrition; also in children and adults who lose flesh through living well; emaciation most about neck. General anaemia, emaciation, complete prostration of vital forces, depression of spirits, palpitation, etc.; anaemia from loss of vital fluids, blood or semen. Useful in haemorrhages, especially cachectic subjects, blood red, thin, watery, not coagulable. Dropsical affections; after scarlatina caused by heart, liver or kidney disease. Collection of serum in joints and in closed sacs. Chronic swelling of lymphatic and sebaceous glands, chronic inflammation of salivary glands, excess of saliva. Fistulous, phagedenic ulcers. Varices. Tendency to dryness or erosion of mucous membranes; secretions acrid, scanty; smarting, burning at edges of mucous surfaces. A valuable remedy in catarrhs of all mucous membranes, with secretion of transparent, watery, coarse, frothy mucus; white mucus full of bubbles, color of white of egg or like boiled starch. Nasal catarrh, thick yellow mucous discharge, loss of taste and smell. Takes cold in head easily; is constantly obliged to wrap it up; it remains uncovered the nose stops up. Fluent coryza, alternate with stoppage; discharge as above described. Chronic naso-pharyngeal catarrh. Chronic nasal and pharyngeal catarrhs which have been abused by local applications, douches, etc., especially Nitrate of Silver. There is no doubt but that Natr. mur is one of our most valuable remedies in catarrhal conditions of the head and pharynx, and should be more often used. A simple solution of salt and water could in many cases, at least, advantageously supplant the many local applications already employed, and which usually do more harm than good. Hay fever, watery discharge from eyes and nose. Chronic catarrh of the ear. Bronchitis, acute or chronic, with symptoms given under respiratory organs. Chronic bronchial catarrh. Catarrhal pneumonia, with characteristic cough and expectoration. Pleurisy, after exudation. Asthma,with profuse watery or frothy mucus. Emphysema. OEdema of the lungs; spasmodic cough; suffocation; serous, frothy expectoration. Palpitation of the heart in anaemic persons. Organic disease of the heart, especially hypertrophy; dyspnoea and palpitation, worse on ascending, or when lying down, especially on left side. Natrum mur is useful in many affections of the eye. Asthenopia, particularly muscular; drawing, stiff sensation in muscles of eyes when moving them; often caused by general muscular weakness or spinal irritation. Amblyopia and amaurosis; pupils contracted, dependent on menstrual disorders in the chlorotic; from debilitating nervous losses. Blepharitis; ,ulcers on cornea; smarting and burning; acrid, excoriating tears; photophobia, marked by spasmodic closure of the lids. Follicular conjunctivitis. Granular lids. Keratitis pustulosa. Iritis. Ciliary neuralgia, coming and going with the sun. Stricture of lachrymal duct, fistula and blenorrhoea of lachrymal sac. Affections of the eyes and lids maltreated with lunar caustic especially entropion and pannus. Insufficiency of the internal recti muscles, even to strabismus. Styes. Morbus Basedowii. A valuable remedy in headaches; morning headaches; sick-headache. Nervous headache, from shocks. Malaria headache. Neuralgia headache. Headaches of school girls, during menses (consult symptoms). Dandruff. Humid eruptions on scalp, with gluey discharge, matting the hair, especially on margins of hair at nape of neck and behind the ears. Neuralgia, especially malarial; after checked ague; periodical; often in place of ague paroxysms; supra-orbital; face sallow and other Natrum symptoms. Barber’s itch. Acne punctuata. Scorbutic condition of the jaws and buccal cavity. Aphthae. Fistula dentalis. Dyspepsia, with other Natrum conditions. Enlarged liver and spleen, in old, badly treated agues. Gastro-duodenal catarrh. Often a valuable remedy in constipation (See symptoms). Haemorrhoids. Ascarides. Chronic diarrhoea. Summer complaint of children when the throat and neck emaciate rapidly, cachectic condition, etc. Diabetes insipidus. Polyuria. Gleet, with soreness of urethra, clear mucous discharge and other symptoms especially after injections of Nitrate of Silver. Impotence. Spermatorrhoea. Hydrocele. Menorrhagia. Delayed or checked menstruation. Often valuable in chlorosis, with profuse or delayed menses, leucorrhoea, cachexia, palpitation, etc. Prolapsus uteri, with pressure and bearing down, backache , relieved by lying on something hard, or by having a pillow under the back. Subinvolution. Sterility. Vaginitis, great dryness and soreness of the parts. Vulvitis. Pruritus of vulva. Spinal irritation; sensitiveness between vertebrae; general weariness, backache, better from pressure or lying on something hard; from grief, anger, and especially from sexual excesses. Paralytic condition of lower extremities, after fever, diphtheria or excesses. Useful in many skin diseases some of which have already been mentioned. Eczema. Urticaria. Intertrigo. Herpes. Herpes circinatus. Herpes zoster. Purpura haemorrhagica, with cachectic symptoms.

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